Principles of Management Definition:
Principles of management
are fundamental rules of
management that could be taught in schools and
applied in all organizational situations.
Fayol's 14 Principles of Management:
- Division of work:
Specialization increases output by making employees more efficient.
Managers must be able to give orders and authority gives them this right.
Employees must obey and respect the rules that governs the organization.
- Unity of command:
Every employee should receive orders from only one superior
- Unity of direction:
The organization should have a single plan of action to guide managers and
- Subordination of the individual
interests to the general interest: The interest
of any one employee or group of employees should not take precedence over
the interests of the organization as a whole.
Workers must be paid a fair wages for their services.
This term refers to the degree to which subordinates are involved in
- Scalar chain:
The line of authority from top management to the lowest ranks is the
People and materials should be in the right place at the right time.
Managers should be kind and fair to their subordinates.
- Stability of tenure of personnel:
Management should provide orderly personnel planning and ensure that
replacements are available to fill vacancies.
Employees who are allowed to originate and carry out plans will exert high
levels of efforts.
- Esprit de corps:
Promoting team spirit will build harmony and unity within the