# Shamsa Archive

## Marginal Costing Definition

Marginal Costing Definition: Marginal Costing is a costing method that includes only variable manufacturing costs–direct materials, direct labor, and variable manufacturing overhead–in unit product cost. Marginal costing is also called variable costing and direct costing. Marginal cost of the product = Direct materials cost

## Margin of Safety (MOS)

Margin of Safety (MOS): Learning Objectives: Define and explain margin of safety. Calculate margin of safety ratio. What is its significance/importance? Contents: Definition of Margin of Safety (MOS) Formula of MOS Example Review Problem Definition and Explanation: Margin of safety (MOS) is the excess

## Margin Definition

Margin Definition: Margin can be defined as net operating income divided by sales. Margin = Net operating income / Sales Sales include all cash as well as credit sales. Example: A company’s net operating income is \$10,000. Total sales for the year were \$30,000.

## Manufacturing Overhead Definition

Manufacturing Overhead Definition: Manufacturing overhead costs are all costs associated with manufacturing except direct materials and direct labor.

## Manufacturing Overhead Budget Definition

Manufacturing Overhead Budget Definition: Manufacturing overhead budget is a detailed plan showing the production costs, other than direct materials and direct labor, that will be incurred over a specified time period. Learn More About Manufacturing Overhead Budget: Click here to read more about manufacturing

## Manufacturing Cycle Efficiency (MCE) Definition

Manufacturing Cycle Efficiency (MCE) Definition: Manufacturing cycle efficiency (MCE) is the Process (value-added) time as a percentage of throughput time. OR Quotient of the time required for value-added production divided by Total Cycle Time. It is a measure of how well a company’s manufacturing

## Manufacturing Cost Definition

Manufacturing Cost Definition: Manufacturing cost is equal to total direct materials cost plus direct labor cost plus Factory overhead. It is also called total factory cost. Formula of prime cost can be written as: Prime cost  = Direct materials + Direct labor Relevant terms:

## Cost Classification as Manufacturing and Non-manufacturing

Cost Classification as Manufacturing and Non-manufacturing: Learning objectives of this article: Define and explain manufacturing and non-manufacturing costs. What is the difference between manufacturing and non-manufacturing costs costs? Identify and give examples of each of the three basic manufacturing cost categories. Manufacturing firms are

## Cost Classification as Manufacturing and Non-manufacturing

Cost Classification as Manufacturing and Non-manufacturing: Learning objectives of this article: Define and explain manufacturing and non-manufacturing costs. What is the difference between manufacturing and non-manufacturing costs costs? Identify and give examples of each of the three basic manufacturing cost categories. Manufacturing firms are

## Managerial/Management/Cost Accounting Formulas

Managerial/Management/Cost Accounting Formulas: Cost of Goods Manufactured, Sold, and Income Statement Formulas Cost Volume Profit (CVP) Formulas

## Managerial or Management or Cost Accounting Terms and Definitions

Managerial or Management or Cost Accounting Terms and Definitions: Following are the most important managerial or management or cost accounting  terms. These terms are alphabetically arranged. This arrangement makes easy to find your desired managerial accounting terms and their accounting definitions. We encourage you

## Managerial (Management) Accounting Definition

Managerial (Management) Accounting Definition: The phase of accounting concerned with providing information to managers for use in planning and controlling operations and in decision making. Click here to read more about managerial/management accounting

## Manager Definition

Manager Definition: Someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals. OR One who handles, controls, or directs, especially: One who directs a business or other enterprise. One who controls resources and expenditures, as

## Management Definition

Management Definition: Coordinating work activities so that they are completed efficiently and effectively with and through other people. Relevant Terms: Manager First Line Managers Middle Managers Top Level Managers

## Management By Exception Definition

Management By Exception Definition: Management by exception is a system of management in which standards are set for various operating activities, with actual results then compared to these standards. Any differences that are deemed significant are brought to the attention of management as “exceptions.”

## Make or Buy Decision Definition

Make or Buy Decision Definition: Make or buy decision is a decision as to whether an item should be produced internally or purchased from an outside supplier. Explanation of the Term “Make or Buy Decision”: Business decision that compares the costs and benefits of

## Issuing and Costing Materials into Production

Issuing and Costing Materials into Production: To control the quantity and cost of materials, supplies, and services requires a systematic and efficient system of purchasing, recording, and storing. Equally necessary is a systematic and efficient procedure for issuing materials and supplies. Materials Requisitions: The

## ISO 9000 Standards Definition

ISO 9000 Standards Definition: Quality control requirements issued by the International Standard Organization that relate to products sold in European countries.