# Review Problem 1: Basic Present Value

# Review Problem 1: Basic Present Value Computations:

For each of the following situations is independent. Workout your own solution to each situation, and then check it against the solution:

### Situation 1:

John has reached age 58. In 12 years, he plans to retire. Upon retiring, he would like to take an extended vacation, which he expects will cost at least $4,000. What lump-sum amount must he invest now to have the needed $4,000 at the end of 12 years if the rate of return is:

(a). Eight percent?

(b). Twelve percent?

### Situation 2:

The Morgans would like to send their daughter to an expensive music camp at the end of each of the next five years. The camp cost $1,000 a year. What lump-sum amount would have to invested now to have the $1,000 at the end of each year if the rate of return is:

(a). Eight percent?

(b). Twelve percent?

### Situation 3:

You have just received an inheritance from a relative. You can invest the money and either receive a $20,000 lump-sum amount at the end of 10 years or receive $1,400 at the end of each year for the next 10 years. If your minimum desired rate of return is 12%, which alternative would you prefer?

## Solution to Review Problem 1:

### Situation 1:

**(a).** The amount that must be invested now would be the present of the $4,000, using a discount rate of 8%. From Future Value and Present Value Tables Page Table-3, the factor for a discount rate of 8% for 12 periods is 0.397. Multiplying this discount factor by the $4,000 × 0.397 = $1.588.

**(b).** We will proceed as we did in (a) above, but this time we will use a discount rate of 12%. From Future Value and Present Value Tables Page Table-3, the factor for a discount rate of 12% for 12 periods is 0.257. Multiplying this discount factor by the $4,000 needed in 12 years will give the amount of the present investment required: $4,000 × 0.257 = $1,028.

Notice that as the discount rate (desired rate of return) increases, the present value decreases.

### Situation 2:

This part differs from (1) above in that we are now dealing with an annuity rather than a single future sum. The amount that must be invested now to have $1,000 available at the end of each year for five years. Since we are dealing with an annuity, or a series of annual cash flows, we must refer to Table-4 (see Future Value and Present Value Tables Page, Table-4)

**(a).** From Table-4 (see Future Value and Present Value Tables Page, Table-4) the discount factor for 12% for five periods is 3.993. Therefore, the amount that must be invested now to have $1,000 available at the end of each year for five years is $1,000 × 3.993 = $3,993.

(b). From Table-4 (see Future Value and Present Value Tables Page, Table-4) the discount factor for 12% for five periods is 3.605. Therefore, the amount that must be invested now to have $1,000 available at the end of each five years is $1,000 × 3.605 = $3,605.

### Situation 3:

For this part, we will need to refer to both Table-3 and Table-4 (see Future Value and Present Value Tables Page, Table-3 and Table-4)

From Table-3 we will need to find the discount factor for 12% for 10 periods, then apply it to the $20,000 lump sum to be received in 10 years. From Table-4, we will need to find the discount factor for 12% for 10 periods, then apply it to the series of $1,400 payments to be received over the 10-year period. Whichever alternative has the higher present value is the one that should be selected.

$2,000 × 0.332 = $6,440

$1,400 × 5.650 = $7,910

Thus you would prefer to receive the $1,400 per year for 10 years rather than the $20,000 lump sum.

### You may also be interested in other articles from “capital budgeting decisions” chapter:

- Capital Budgeting – Definition and Explanation
- Typical Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Time Value of Money
- Screening and Preference Decisions
- Present Value and Future Value – Explanation of the Concept
- Net Present Value (NPV) Method in Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Method – Definition and Explanation
- Net Present Value (NPV) Method Vs Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Method
- Net Present Value (NPV) Method – Comparing the Competing Investment Projects
- Least Cost Decisions
- Capital Budgeting Decisions With Uncertain Cash Flows
- Ranking Investment Projects
- Payback Period Method for Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Simple rate of Return Method
- Inflation and Capital Budgeting Analysis
- Income Taxes in Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Review Problem 1: Basic Present Value Computations
- Review Problem 2: Comparison of Capital Budgeting Methods
- Future Value and Present Value Tables

### Other Related Accounting Articles:

- Future Value and Present Value Tables
- Review Problem 2: Comparison of Capital Budgeting Methods
- Present Value and Future Value – Explanation of the Concept
- Screening Decisions and Preference Decisions
- Simple Rate of Return Method
- Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Income Tax and Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Profitability Index (PI)
- Capital Budgeting Definition
- Difference Between Capital and Revenue Expenditures

## Recommended Books !

Or

**Download E accounting book in MS-word format for just 20 $ - Click here to Download**