# Time Value of Money

# Time Value of Money:

**Learning Objectives:**

- Explain the concept of time value of money.
- Why time value of money concept is important in capital budgeting analysis?

## Explanation of of the Concept of Time Value of Money

Investments commonly involve returns that extend over fairly long period of time.

Therefore, in approaching capital budgeting decisions, it is necessary to employ techniques that recognize the **time value of money**.

** “A dollar today is worth more than a dollar a year from now”**

The same concept applies in choosing between investment projects. Those projects that promise earlier returns are preferable to those that promise later retunes. The **capital budgeting techniques** that recognize the above two characteristics of business investments most fully are those that involve discounted cash flow. Two approaches to making **capital budgeting decisions** use discounted cash flows. One is the net present value methodand other is internal rate of return method.

### You may also be interested in other articles from “capital budgeting decisions” chapter:

- Capital Budgeting – Definition and Explanation
- Typical Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Time Value of Money
- Screening and Preference Decisions
- Present Value and Future Value – Explanation of the Concept
- Net Present Value (NPV) Method in Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Method – Definition and Explanation
- Net Present Value (NPV) Method Vs Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Method
- Net Present Value (NPV) Method – Comparing the Competing Investment Projects
- Least Cost Decisions
- Capital Budgeting Decisions With Uncertain Cash Flows
- Ranking Investment Projects
- Payback Period Method for Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Simple rate of Return Method
- Inflation and Capital Budgeting Analysis
- Income Taxes in Capital Budgeting Decisions
- Review Problem 1: Basic Present Value Computations
- Review Problem 2: Comparison of Capital Budgeting Methods
- Future Value and Present Value Tables