Creditors / Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio

Creditors / Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio:

Definition and Explanation:

Credit turnover ratio is similar to the debtors turnover ratio. It compares creditors with the total credit purchases.

It signifies the credit period enjoyed by the firm in paying creditors. Accounts payable include both sundry creditors and bills payable. Same as debtors turnover ratio, creditors turnover ratio can be calculated in two forms, creditors turnover ratio and average payment period.


Following formula is used to calculate creditors turnover ratio:

Creditors Turnover Ratio = Credit Purchase / Average Trade Creditors

Average Payment Period:

Average payment period ratio gives the average credit period enjoyed from the creditors. It can be calculated using the following formula:

Average Payment Period = Trade Creditors / Average Daily Credit Purchase

Average Daily Credit Purchase= Credit Purchase / No. of working days in a year


Average Payment Period = (Trade Creditors × No. of Working Days) / Net Credit Purchase

(In case information about credit purchase is not available total purchases may be assumed to be credit purchase.)

Significance of the Ratio:

The average payment period ratio represents the number of days by the firm to pay its creditors. A high creditors turnover ratio or a lower credit period ratio signifies that the creditors are being paid promptly. This situation enhances the credit worthiness of the company. However a very favorable ratio to this effect also shows that the business is not taking the full advantage of credit facilities allowed by the creditors.

You may also be interested in other articles from “financial statement analysis” chapter:

  1. Horizontal and Vertical Analysis
  2. Ratios Analysis
  3. Horizontal Analysis or Trend Analysis
  4. Trend Percentage
  5. Vertical Analysis
  6. Accounting Ratios Definition, Advantages, Classification and Limitations:
  7. Gross profit ratio
  8. Net profit ratio
  9. Operating ratio
  10. Expense ratio
  11. Return on shareholders investment or net worth
  12. Return on equity capital
  13. Return on capital employed (ROCE) Ratio
  14. Dividend yield ratio
  15. Dividend payout ratio
  16. Earnings Per Share (EPS) Ratio
  17. Price earning ratio
  18. Current ratio
  19. Liquid/Acid test/Quick ratio
  20. Inventory/Stock turnover ratio
  21. Debtors/Receivables turnover ratio
  22. Average collection period
  23. Creditors/Payable turnover ratio
  24. Working capital turnover ratio
  25. Fixed assets turnover ratio
  26. Over and under trading
  27. Debt-to-equity ratio
  28. Proprietary or Equity ratio
  29. Ratio of fixed assets to shareholders funds
  30. Ratio of current assets to shareholders funds
  31. Interest coverage ratio
  32. Capital gearing ratio
  33. Over and under capitalization
  34. Financial-Accounting- Ratios Formulas
  35. Limitations of Financial Statement Analysis

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