# Creditors / Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio

# Creditors / Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio:

## Definition and Explanation:

Credit turnover ratio is similar to the debtors turnover ratio. It compares creditors with the total credit purchases.

It signifies the credit period enjoyed by the firm in paying creditors. Accounts payable include both sundry creditors and bills payable. Same as debtors turnover ratio, **creditors turnover ratio** can be calculated in two forms, creditors turnover ratio and average payment period.

## Formula:

Following formula is used to calculate creditors turnover ratio:

Creditors Turnover Ratio = Credit Purchase / Average Trade Creditors

## Average Payment Period:

**Average payment period ratio** gives the average credit period enjoyed from the creditors. It can be calculated using the following formula:

Average Payment Period = Trade Creditors / Average Daily Credit Purchase

Average Daily Credit Purchase= Credit Purchase / No. of working days in a year

Or

Average Payment Period = (Trade Creditors × No. of Working Days) / Net Credit Purchase

*(In case information about credit purchase is not available total purchases may be assumed to be credit purchase.)*

## Significance of the Ratio:

The average payment period ratio represents the number of days by the firm to pay its creditors. A high creditors turnover ratio or a lower credit period ratio signifies that the creditors are being paid promptly. This situation enhances the credit worthiness of the company. However a very favorable ratio to this effect also shows that the business is not taking the full advantage of credit facilities allowed by the creditors.

### You may also be interested in other articles from “financial statement analysis” chapter:

- Horizontal and Vertical Analysis
- Ratios Analysis
- Horizontal Analysis or Trend Analysis
- Trend Percentage
- Vertical Analysis
- Accounting Ratios Definition, Advantages, Classification and Limitations:
- Gross profit ratio
- Net profit ratio
- Operating ratio
- Expense ratio
- Return on shareholders investment or net worth
- Return on equity capital
- Return on capital employed (ROCE) Ratio
- Dividend yield ratio
- Dividend payout ratio
- Earnings Per Share (EPS) Ratio
- Price earning ratio
- Current ratio
- Liquid/Acid test/Quick ratio
- Inventory/Stock turnover ratio
- Debtors/Receivables turnover ratio
- Average collection period
- Creditors/Payable turnover ratio
- Working capital turnover ratio
- Fixed assets turnover ratio
- Over and under trading
- Debt-to-equity ratio
- Proprietary or Equity ratio
- Ratio of fixed assets to shareholders funds
- Ratio of current assets to shareholders funds
- Interest coverage ratio
- Capital gearing ratio
- Over and under capitalization
- Financial-Accounting- Ratios Formulas
- Limitations of Financial Statement Analysis